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Understanding Remote Forms and Links

What are remote forms and links? When you see the word “Remote” referencing forms or links, it means the element is submitting its contents via “AJAX”.

Negotiating proper Accept Header

Remote forms can also negotiate the proper Accept headers. To do so, set the data-type='json' to tell the server you can only accept json.

mrujs defined a number of predefined data-type ‘s for you.

  '*': '*/*',
  any: '*/*',
  text: 'text/plain',
  html: 'text/html',
  xml: 'application/xml, text/xml',
  json: 'application/json, text/javascript',

This means you can pass a data-type="*", data-type="text", data-type="xml", and so on as long as it matches with that key. If you need a custom Accept header, you will have to simply do it yourself like so:

<form data-type="application/xml, text/xml">

Examples:

<!-- Sends an `"application/json, text/javascript"` Accept header. -->
<form data-remote="true" data-type="json"></form>

<!-- Sends an XML accept header -->
<form data-remote="true" data-type="application/xml"></form>

<!--- Shorthand -->
<form data-remote="true" data-type="xml"></form>

<!-- Sends a default '*/*' Accept header. -->
<form data-remote="true"></form>

Anchor methods

Sometimes you want to add additional methods to your links. Heres how to do that:

<a data-method="delete" href="/logout">

This will create a fetch request and then navigate to the new page if redirected, or refresh the current page is no redirect found.

Reference

The following data-* attributes attach behavior in mrujs:

data-remote="true"
// => Make a link or form submit via AJAX

data-method="delete"
// => Make a link perform the method via AJAX

data-confirm="Are you sure?"
// => Pulls up a confirm dialog when the element is clicked

data-disable="true"
// => Disables the submit element clicked in a form / link and reenables it on success

data-disable-with="Submitting..."
data-disable-with="<div class="spinner">Submitting...</div>"
// => Replaces the current innerHTML of the clicked input / link with
//    the text / html in data-disable-with

data-type="<mimeType>"
// => Uses the value as the Accept header for the link / form.

Working with Turbo

Turbo and mrujs have some conflicting pieces of functionality. In order to avoid clashing with Turbo, remote elements and forms require setting data-turbo="false", mrujs will do this automatically for you when it detects data-remote="true", or data-method="<method>" on a link or form.

Attributes that need data-turbo="false"

Note:
As of `v0.4.2`, mrujs will automatically attach `data-turbo="false"` on these elements if `data-turbo` is not already set.
data-remote="true"
data-method="patch"

Attributes that don’t need data-turbo="false"

data-confirm="Are you sure?"
data-disable="true"
data-disable-with="Submitting..."

Also of note, Turbo has its own data-method, to avoid conflicts with mrujs’ data-method, please use data-turbo-method when you want to use Turbo’s version of link methods.

mrujs has a built in navigation adapter which will navigate a user from page to page using Morphdom or Turbo(links) if it receives an HTML response. If you would like to opt out of the navigation, you can specify a data-ujs-navigate="false" on the element.